Polymer Thermodynamics: Blends, Copolymers and Reversible Polymerization describes the thermodynamic basis for miscibility as well as the mathematical models used to predict the compositional window of miscibility and construct temperature versus volume-fraction phase diagrams. The book covers the binary interaction model, the solubility parameter approach, and the entropic difference model. Using equation of state (EOS) theories, thermodynamic models, and information from physical properties, it illustrates the construction of phase envelopes.The book presents nine EOS theories, including some that take into account molecular weight effects. Characteristic values are given in tables. It uses the binary interaction model to predict the compositional window of miscibility for copolymer/homopolymer blends and blends of copolymers and terpolymers with common monomers. It discusses Hansen fractional solubility parameter values, six phase diagram types, the role of polymer architecture in phase behavior, and the mathematical framework for multiple glass transition temperatures found in partially miscible polymer blends. The author also illustrates biomedical and commercial applications of nanocomposites, the properties of various polymer alloys, Fick’s laws of diffusion and their implications during transient events, and the use of the dynamic programming method in the sequence alignment of DNA and proteins. The final chapter reviews the thermodynamics of reversible polymerization and copolymerization.Polymer blends offer improved performance/cost ratios and the flexibility to tailor products to suit customers’ needs. Exploring physical phenomena, such as phase separation, this book provides readers with methods to design polymer blends and predict the phase behavior of binary polymer blends using desktop computers.
This text is the first to provide a comprehensive and systematic look at the physics underlying the remarkable structural and dynamical properties of block copolymers. It provides the polymer scientist and technologist with a firm grounding in the fundamental principles underlying the diverse applications, and it highlights many of the intriguing features of these polymers, including nanoscale self-assembly in bulk and two-dimensions. The book includes in-depth discussions of the recent theoretical and experimental advances in the field. Topics covered include the thermodynamics and dynamics of block copolymer melts, block copolymers in dilute, semidilute and concentrated solutions, the structure of crystalline block copolymers, and block copolymers in blends with other polymers. An essential resource for researchers in polymer physics and materials science, the book will also appeal to advanced students and researchers in a wide range of related disciplines.
SCA DescriptioneBook #3 reviews the detailed should cost analysis (SCA) of Polypropylene Impact Copolymer (PP Impact) resin as produced by the Spheripol© optional slurry and primary gas phase bi-modal polymerization process produced at the best or lowest available prices found for the required chemical commodities. Primary feedstock to produce PP Impact resin are propylene (C3), hexene (C6) and ethylene (C3). Spheripol© is a copyrighted primary gas phase polymerization technology owned by the LyondellBasell Corporation.Chemical DescriptionPP Impact copolymers are thermoplastic resins comprising an amorphous internal structure within a semi-crystalline PP homopolymer exterior structure. These copolymers find wide use across blow and injection molding, film, fiber and sheet extrusion and thermoforming technologies. Applications include packaging, housewares, films, and pipe applications, automotive and electrical products.Feedstock DescriptionPropylene (C3) is a colorless gaseous hydrocarbon, CH3CH:CH2; m.p. –185.25°C; b.p. –47.4°C. It is an alkene obtained from petroleum by cracking alkanes. Its main use is in the manufacture of polypropylene and acrylic acid and its esters.About Chemcost Media Chemcost Media provides economic and trade intelligence solutions exclusively developed by Chemcost Interactive LLC to today’s commodity price challenges. •For example, this SCA employs prices found in the Department of Commerce within US Census and other globally-relative Census or commerce bureaus. Primary purpose of SCAs is to explore production cost dynamics.•In addition, production costs are contrasted to current commodity prices to determine approximate gross profit margin. •Estimated capital figures are included. Chemcost exclusively offers best or lowest shipped price analytics for many chemicals. •A key premise in these analytics is all components used in the chemical manufacture by the lowest cost producer will be provided at the lowest US delivered price. •This means you can compare documented best or lowest price evidence to your consultants report to broadly benchmark, determine and strategize on loss prevention.•Average price analytics will closely follow that of other chemical cost consultants. •The utility for these documents ranges from fixed cost comparison to validation between economic research consultants. Interested in optional excel SCA versions?On written request to: email@example.com, Excel versions of this Chemcost Media's ebook, for other geographies, or for SCA on chemicals of interest to you can be prepared on a client-custom proposal basis.Important Copyright NoticeChemicalcost Builder©, Metalcost Builder©, Polymercost Builder©, Biochemicalcost Builder©, Biopolymercost Builder©, Resincost Builder©, General Production Site Builder©, Custom Lean Capital Scenario Builder© and Yield Builder© are the copyrighted economic intelligence products of Chemcost Interactive LLC© 2017. No material may be reproduced or transmitted, in whole or in part, in any manner, without written consent. Chemcost Media LLC© is the exclusive media marketing agent for the copyrighted products of Chemcost Interactive LLC© 2017. All rights reserved.Legal LimitationsWhile Chemcost Interactive and Chemcost Media LLC have endeavored to ensure the accuracy of the data, prices, estimates, illustrations, benchmarks, forecasts and other references, any decision based upon them (including investments and planning) are at the client's own risk. With the exception of willful or reckless conducts, acts, or omissions, Chemcost Interactive LLC and Chemcost Media LLC shall not be liable for any loss, injury, or damages, caused in whole or in part, by the data and information, analysis, prices, estimates, illustrations, benchmarks, savings and forecasts and other references contained in this report.